Next topic: Giving directions

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Lesson Plan for Giving Instructions

Every now and then someone may ask your help in providing instructions on how to do something. It may be something simple like how to operate a coin operated washing machine at a laundry mat or it may be something more difficult, like programming a remote control for a TV.

Expressions Used when Giving Instructions

Question: How do you operate (…this camera)?
Instruction: First, you look through the view finder and the push the red button to take the picture.

Question: Can you show me how to (…use the FAX machine)?
Instruction: After entering the phone number put the document in this slot and then press sent.

Question: Do you know how to (… save a PDF file on a computer)?
Instruction: Sure, click the file menu and select save. Select the folder you want to save it in, give the file a name and then click save.

Question: How do I go about (… making an omelet)?
Instruction: First crack two egss and put them in s bowl. After beating the eggs add other  desired ingredients such as peppers, onions mushrooms, etc.  After that, put a little oil in a pan and pour the egss into the pan.  Cook for one minute and then turn the egg over and cook another minute.

It’s likely to happen that when giving instructions the listener may become confused and need to have things repeated. This could also happen in any normal conversation between people- one person will not hear or understand what the other has said. Of course, there are other things that hinder communication besides not hearing someone. Examples include unknown vocabulary words, or idiomatic expressions that the listener does not understand, or the speaker is just talking way too fast for the listener to comprehend. Fortunately there are expressions that can be used to cover these situations as well.

English Expressions Used when Asking for Repeats

Expression: Could you repeat that, please?
Response: Certainly, the answer is no.

Expression: What did you say?
Response: I said the answer is the planet Pluto.

Expression: One more time.
Response: What is the chemical symbol for zinc?

Expression: Come again.
Response: The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain.

Expression: Please speak more slowly.
Response: Of course, I’m sorry.

Expression: I’m sorry; I don’t understand the expression (… fill in this form).
Response: It means to answer all the questions or supply the information on that piece of paper.


Other Links for Instructions
XX Asking for Instructions
XX Asking for and Giving Instructions
XX Giving Instructions in English


To find conversation activities for giving instructions and
dialogues about giving instructions take a look at:

Conversation Made Easy


Talk, Talk, Talk

English conversation and role play activities for giving instructions-